Joseph Delves

17 Nov 2020

Pandemic and Black Lives Matter provide an impetus to build a more inclusive cycling culture

Having been furloughed, Phil Dobson found himself escaping from inactivity by riding around London on his bike. Within the first months of the full national coronavirus lockdown back in the spring, he also attended the Black Lives Matter protests which were taking place across the world in response to violence and inequality directed against black people.

‘I’d never really been to a protest before,’ explains Dobson when Cyclist caught up with him. ‘I found it very moving and I wanted to do something.’

The result of this desire was the creation of community interest company UpCycle, the aim of which is to get more bikes into the hands of more black and ethnically diverse Londoners.

Safer transport

Coming into focus at the same time, the Covis-19 crisis and the Black Lives Matter movement have illuminated each other, with the effects of Covid replicating existing health inequalities among Black, Asian and minority ethnic people and leading to higher death rates among these groups.

To cut transmission, early on the Government urged people to avoid public transport whenever possible. This saw bicycle use explode overnight, with shops stripped of stock within days.

However, despite the boom in cycling in the capital, many groups remain under-represented. According to Transport for London, although 41% of London’s population is black or from an ethnic minority, they make up just 15% of the capital’s cyclists.

With people in these groups now at increased risk from Covid-19, Dobson planned to raise £5,000 and refurbish fifty bikes that could be used to help young people from black and ethnically diverse groups avoid public transport, and so keep themselves and their families safer.

‘Seeing how Covid was affecting Black, Asian and minority ethnic people and how they were less likely to own a bike was one of the first reasons behind UpCycle,’ he explains.

To this end, the initial £1,000 he raised went on securing second-hand bicycles and parts, which along with knowledge gleaned from YouTube got the first machines up and running.

Dispatched to youngsters through Carney’s Community Centre in Battersea, to earn the bikes their new owners also had to learn the workshop skills needed to help keep them running.

Ongoing maintenance

Focused around a boxing gym in South London, Carney’s teaches young people skills and discipline to help them overcome the disadvantages that affect many in the area. It was a model Dobson was keen to replicate as his new project grew.

Having first aimed to simply get bikes to people struggling to access one, the aim of UpCycle soon expanded to building a wider group of knowledgeable cyclists from under-represented groups.

‘It’s not enough to just give someone a bike, they need to be able to look after it, to know how to ride it safely, and to have a community motivating them to carry on with it.’

Looking past the coronavirus, UpCycle aims to build young people’s confidence, using the bike as both a vehicle and an opportunity.

‘It’s about giving kids the bikes so they can get to school and travel around safely, but it’s also about trying to find those that can also be role models,’ says Dobson.

Growing up with the bike

Despite the barrier of cost, convincing kids of the benefits and enjoyment of cycling is easy. It’s keeping them engaged as they grow into adulthood that can prove harder.

To ensure people keep the habit as they grow, Dobson reckons you need to target those around 11 to 15 and give them both the skills and the inspiration to keep cycling.

As Dobson found himself explaining at a conference on getting children riding to school, there was only one black cyclist at this year’s Tour de France.

Similarly, in the UK despite cycling growing in popularity for both sport and transportation, there still aren’t many people of colour within the establishment.

He believes that to keep young black people riding as they grow up they need to have relatable role models, something he hopes UpCycle can provide.

In the same way British champion, De Ver Cycles Club founder and fellow South Londoner Maurice Burton created a welcoming space for generations before, Dobson picks out Mani Arthur of the Black Cyclists Network as another person making cycling cool to a diverse audience.

‘When the BCN guys turn up on a group ride, they’ve all got the lycra and the helmet on, but they’ve got nice bikes and they make it look good! I can imagine if I had a group of lads with me, they’d be won over.’

Dobson plans to get older riders to join in and provide a degree of low-key mentoring.

‘The idea is to build a community where we have these maintenance sessions, people come and meet their mates, and everyone is looking forward to going for a ride after,’ says Dobson.

Yet, in London, it can initially be difficult to get young riders to leave their comfort zone and mix with people from different areas.

‘Left to themselves, kids around here will just tend to stay in their own neighbourhood,’ he explains.

Countering this, along with more local trips, next year the plan is to establish an annual Brixton to Brighton ride, giving anyone interested in the sportier side of cycling something to train for. The aim is to build a love of cycling that covers both transport and sport.

Post-lockdown

Having initially filled Dobson’s house with donated bicycles, UpCycle has recently secured storage and workspace at a nearby not-for-profit, along with the services of two occasional mechanics.

Local bike shop Brixton Cycles has also been supplying donor bikes that owners have found uneconomical to fix. An appearance on BBC Radio 5 Live also netted twenty bikes, while individual donations have seen the number ready to be reconditioned grow to around forty.

One rider clearing out his collection even handed over a Colnago and a carbon Trek – although sadly for anyone completing a course, both are getting sold to fund tools and spares of the workshop.

For now, the return of lockdown is making teaching complex. Having applied for TfL funding, UpCycle is currently working with six kids through a local charity in South London, in what should become an ongoing scheme.

Besides the first bikes that went to kids in Battersea, another five have gone to young people who’ve completed leadership programmes for people from black and diverse communities in Hackney, with one of its graduates now using their bike to get to university.

Next year, once restrictions are lifted, UpCycle plans to run six-month earn-your-bike workshops where young people spend an evening a week learning how to fix and maintain a bike before receiving their own on completing the course.

Long term the plan is to eventually create a fixed workshop and retail space employing people who’ve formerly completed the course; with the funds from this then funding the group’s outreach work.

Youth work

North of the river in Hackney, Isaac has just received one of UpCycle’s bikes in recognition of his volunteer work helping his community at Voyage Youth.

‘I was most definitely into cycling before I got the bike,’ he explains. ‘I always wanted a bike, so it is great that I got one for free.’

As a borough, Hackney is often held up as an example of somewhere that’s successful in encouraging cycling. However, infrastructure isn’t the only factor for cycling safety. For young men and boys, there can be other barriers to cycling in an area that some people might not recognise.

‘Personally, I feel safe cycling in Hackney,’ says Issac. ‘However, I know others feel as though black boys riding a bike can be a target for gang violence and this is true. But I haven’t experienced any of this.’

For his part, Issac reckons having a new bike is going to help him keep more active. ‘It’s benefited me in terms of my fitness levels because instead of me walking or going to the gym, I’m doing exercise while engaging in an activity I enjoy.’

Next year UpCycle is planning on further collaborating with Voyage Youth. However, first, it’ll need to solicit a few more bike donations.

You can find more information here: upcycleldn.co.uk

Source: Cycling – Cyclist